Estrogen is a reproductive hormone, which keeps under the control your menstrual cycle and ability to get pregnant.
It is produced by your ovaries and takes part in maturation and releasing of the egg. It also maintains normal structure of your reproductive organs such as uterus, fallopian tubes and vagina.
The estrogen effects are not only about fertility and menstruation. This hormone plays an important role in bone building, mental functioning and heart health. It was also found to keep your skin elastic and wrinkle-free.
When your estrogen levels get decreased during menopause or as a result of certain medical conditions, you may experience bone fragility, irregular menstrual cycle, hot flashes, low sex drive etc.
But do you know that too high level of this sex hormone can also impair your well-being?
Estrogen content is naturally increased during puberty and pregnancy. Your body can also be overload with this hormone, when taking certain drugs such as steroids, phenothiazines or hormone replacement therapy.
Other conditions, which can dramatically boost estrogen levels, include obesity, ovaries or adrenal glands tumors and diabetes.
How can you understand that your body contains too much of estrogen?
Check out these signs and symptoms:
#1. Weight gain – increased level of estrogen can lead to fluid retention. That’s why you may see the higher number on your scales without any diet or exercise changes.
#2. Bloating – your sense of fullness, swelling and rumbling may be a result of excessive estrogen in your body.
#3. Irregular menstrual cycle – both lack and surplus of sex hormones can make your periods irregular.
#4. Fibrocystic breast – don’t panic, it’s a non-cancerous condition, which develops as a consequence of hormonal imbalance and manifests in lumps, tenderness and swelling in your breasts.
#5. Decreased libido – reduced sexual desire can indicate certain problems in your hormonal status.
#6. Heavy premenstrual syndrome – high levels of estrogen may be the main culprit of too severe fatigue, mood changes, headaches, abdominal pain and other PMS symptoms.
#7. Headaches – you’ve probably noticed this symptom several days before the menstruation. The reason is about hormonal fluctuations, meaning abrupt rise of estrogen. If its level is constantly increased, you may experience frequent severe headaches, which can even deteriorate your daily tasks performance.
#8. Fatigue – permanent tiredness and lack of energy, which don’t go away after the restful sleep, may be a sign of too high content of estrogen inside your body.
#9. Blood clotting – it was recognized that hormone replacement therapy can extremely increase your risks of blood clot formation. Depending on the location of thrombus, you may complain of arm or leg swelling, numbness and discoloration, chest pain, breathing problems, coughing etc.
#10. Mood swings – hormonal alterations can significantly affect your mental health, causing abrupt mood changes, depression and tearfulness.